Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatments

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, affecting over 30 million adults in the United States. As a progressive degenerative joint disease, OA breaks down the cartilage, soft tissue, and bone of affected joints over time, leading to pain, stiffness, swelling, and decreased range of motion. While there is no cure for OA, …

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Sciatica: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Sciatica

Sciatica refers to pain caused by irritation or compression of the sciatic nerve, which is the longest and widest nerve in the human body. The sciatic nerve originates in the lower back and runs through the buttocks and down the lower limbs. It provides sensation and motor function to the legs. Sciatica can occur when …

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Spondyloarthritis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatments

Spondyloarthritis: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatments

Spondyloarthritis is a group of inflammatory rheumatologic conditions that primarily affect the spine and sacroiliac joints of the pelvis. The name comes from “spondyl,” referring to the spine’s vertebrae, and “itis,” denoting inflammation. Spondyloarthritis also can involve peripheral joints, tendon insertions, and extra-articular structures. This category encompasses several distinct disorders with clinical features and genetic …

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Tendinitis: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment

Tendinitis: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment

Tendinitis refers to inflammation and irritation of a tendon, which is the thick fibrous cord that attaches muscle to bone. Tendons are comprised of small fibers of collagen that gradually merge together into a larger tendon unit. Inflammation makes these fibers slide unevenly against each other instead of gliding smoothly. This causes pain and discomfort, …

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Why does my shoulder pain when I lift my arm?

shoulder pain

The shoulder is a complex joint that allows a wide range of motion for your arm. It is a ball and socket joint, formed by the round head of the humerus (upper arm bone) fitting into the shallow socket of the scapula (shoulder blade). A group of muscles and tendons called the rotator cuff surround …

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Frozen Shoulder: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Frozen Shoulder: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a common and painful condition affecting the shoulder joint. It involves inflammation, motion restriction, and shoulder and arm pain. Frozen shoulder occurs in 2-5% of the general population, mostly affecting people between 30+ years old. Females are four times more affected than males. What is a Frozen …

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Lower Back Pain During Pregnancy

Lower Back Pain During Pregnancy

Lower back pain is a common complaint during pregnancy, with over 50% of pregnant women experiencing lumbar or pelvic pain at some point. The physical changes and weight gain associated with pregnancy often strain the back muscles and spine, leading to aches, stiffness, and even debilitating pain. This article will explore the specific causes, anatomy, …

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Hamstring Strain Grades

Hamstring Strain Grades

Hamstring strains are among the most common injuries affecting sprinting and explosive sports athletes. These injuries occur along a spectrum of severity that is classified by a standard 3-tier grading system. Properly evaluating hamstring strains based on grade is crucial for guiding appropriate treatment, rehabilitation, and informed return-to-play timelines. Anatomy and Function of the Hamstring …

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Hamstring Injuries in Athletes

Hamstring Injuries are prevalent injuries across sports. They can sideline athletes for weeks or months, causing frustration and loss of identity. This blog provides critical information for athletes seeking to prevent hamstring injuries, rehabilitate strains, and return to sport safely. Hamstring Anatomy and Function The hamstrings are a group of three posterior thigh muscles: semitendinosus, …

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Why Are My Hamstrings So Tight and How Can I Get Relief?

Do your hamstrings feel uncomfortably tight, limiting your ability to move freely and causing aching pain? For many Americans, stiff, shortened hamstring muscles are a common problem stemming from various causes like posture, inactivity, sports injuries, and underlying conditions. Read on to understand why your hamstrings get tight, how to identify symptoms, and most importantly, …

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