To the people, For the people, By the people

Urbantherapy is an initiative taken by students of physical therapy to provide rehabilitation literacy to all.

Our Blog

Read Our Blog

Hamstring Strain Grades
John Evans

Hamstring Strain Grades

Hamstring strains are among the most common injuries affecting sprinting and explosive sports athletes. These injuries occur along a spectrum of severity that is classified

Read More »
Hamstring Injuries in Athletes
Muskan Thakur

Hamstring Injuries in Athletes

Hamstring Injuries are prevalent injuries across sports. They can sideline athletes for weeks or months, causing frustration and loss of identity. This blog provides critical

Read More »
Physiotherapy is a medical profession that helps people restore, maintain and maximize their function, strength, movement, and physical as well as mental well-being. Physiotherapists assess and treat people to improve their quality of life by preventing, identifying, and treating impairments, activities of daily living, and mobility problems using manual methods, exercise, resistance, electrotherapy, and other interventions. There is evidence that physiotherapy improves pain, function, and quality of life for people with cancer and that these benefits can be sustained long-term.


In North America, physiotherapy is also called physical therapy or physical rehabilitation, as it was first used to describe the medical treatment to restore function and mobility in patients with brain injuries or other injuries to the body. Physical therapists perform physical therapy. In the UK, Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand this goes by physiotherapy only.

In the English-speaking world, physiotherapy is a popular health care profession, and an estimated 2.3 million physiotherapists work in more than 100 countries. The World Confederation of Physical Therapists (WCPT) estimates that there are 880,000 registered physiotherapists in North America, 400,000 in Australia and New Zealand, 320,000 in the United Kingdom, and about 400,000 in Ireland.

The WCPT defines physiotherapy as a non-medical health profession that has a positive effect on people’s lives. Therapy is delivered through assessment, treatment, education, communication, and management of individual patients and clients in collaboration with other health professionals.


Jean-Antoine Letourneur coined the term physiotherapy for the first time in 1749. In his book Traité Théorique et Pratique de l’Art de Prescrire, which was intended to help surgeons in their practice. It was published in Paris in 1749. Syllable physiotherapy is often used mutually with physical therapy.
In the U.S this was used as early as 1869 in the “New York Journal of Medicine” and as early as 1886 in the “Good News: A paper for the people.” However, in the United States, physical therapy was only introduced in the 1920s and did not become a defined medical specialty until the 1960s. The word physiotherapy is an adjective meaning “pertaining to the science or art of physical therapy,” or “pertaining to the science and art of the body’s functions or performance”. Physiotherapy as a word was first used as a medical term in Europe.

In the English-speaking world, the term physiotherapy is generally used to describe a health care profession. This can be delivered by a physiotherapist or physical therapist. In North America, physiotherapists, who have an education in physical therapy, are also known as physical therapists (PT) who can also deliver or instruct in exercise classes, manual therapies, and exercise instruction. In the United States, PT services are considered separate from physician services.

Physiotherapy is a branch of health care concerned with the patient’s functional restoration, maintenance, or optimization. This typically has no specific limitations on what patient groups may be treated, including those with chronic or acute illness. It has also been a core component of rehabilitation in many hospital systems since it was first described in the 1840s.

Physiotherapy: Treatments, Rehabilitation

A physical therapist can help people perform better for longer by identifying, measuring, and correcting deficiencies. Physical therapy also addresses the effects of aging, including body changes that may result in muscle ache and pains, or difficulty standing and sitting. The treatment may focus on improving a person’s balance or strengthening muscle groups to keep bones and joints working properly. In addition, the therapy may also include treatments to help people use their arms and legs again after an injury.

This has the potential to reduce or eliminate pain or help those with other problems such as arthritis, chronic back pain, or sports injuries. It is particularly helpful for patients with a neurological or spinal condition, since the treatment may use gentle and highly focused manipulation and joint movement. The therapy also promotes muscular and nerve stimulation, and improves blood circulation. The healer can advise their patients on appropriate weight loss, dietary and exercise regimens, as well as physical conditioning programs.

The goal of physiotherapy is to restore, maintain or improve function and mobility in patients who are ill or injured. Treatment typically involves passive and active movement, and the use of equipment such as electrical stimulation, heat, and exercise. The benefits for patients can include preventing or reducing pain and helping to regain full strength and range of movement. Physiotherapy can also reduce symptoms and improve lifestyle, such as by enabling the patient to become more active.

Benefits of Physiotherapy

Pain reduction or eradication
Pain relief and the restoration of muscle and joint function can be achieved through therapeutic exercises, manual therapy techniques like joint and soft tissue manipulation, or treatments like ultrasound, taping, or electrical stimulation. These therapies can also prevent the pain from coming back. 
Prevent surgery:

Surgery may not be required if physical therapy aids in pain relief or injury recovery. Pre-surgical physical therapy may be helpful even if surgery is necessary. In many instances, you will recover more quickly from surgery if you are stronger and in better shape before the procedure. Additionally, health care expenses are decreased by avoiding surgery.

Boost mobility

Physical therapy can assist if you have problems standing, walking, or moving, regardless of your age. You can regain your range of motion by stretching and doing strengthening exercises. Physical therapists can appropriately fit patients with a cane, crutches, or any other assistive equipment, as well as provide an assessment for the prescription of orthotics. Any activity that is vital to a person’s life can be practised and modified to guarantee maximum performance and safety by creating a personalised individual care plan.

Recuperate after a stroke:

After a stroke, it’s normal to experience some function and mobility loss. Physical therapy helps to balance and gait while strengthening weak areas of the body. Physical therapists can also help stroke patients move more easily in bed, increase their independence around the house, and lessen their dependence on others for everyday functions like dressing, bathing, and excretion.

Rehabilitate or avoid a sports injury:

Physical therapists are aware of how various sports can raise your risk for particular sorts of injuries (such as stress fractures for distance runners). To ensure a safe return to your sport, they can create customised rehabilitation or prevention exercise plans for you.

Improve your balance to avoid falling:

When you begin physical therapy, you will be tested for fall risk. Therapists will give you activities that cautiously and safely test your balance in order to simulate real-life scenarios if you have a high risk of falling. Your therapists can also provide you with walking aids and exercises to help you regain your coordination. Physical therapists can carry out particular exercises that can quickly restore appropriate vestibular functioning, lessen, and even eradicate vertigo or dizziness sensations when the balance issue is brought on by a vestibular system issue.

Control vascular and diabetic conditions:

Exercise can effectively regulate blood sugar when included in a comprehensive diabetes management plan. Additionally, diabetics may experience issues with their legs’ and feet’ sensation. Physical therapists can assist in providing and instructing these patients on proper foot care to avoid future issues.

Manage age-related problems:

As people get older, they could get osteoporosis, arthritis, or find themselves in need of joint replacement. Physical therapists are professionals at assisting patients in their recovery from joint replacement surgery and in the conservative management of arthritic or osteoporotic disorders.

Manage lung and heart disease:

After a heart attack or operation, patients can finish cardiac rehabilitation, but if their everyday functioning is compromised, they can additionally get physical therapy. Through strengthening, conditioning, and breathing exercises, physical therapy can help individuals with pulmonary issues improve their quality of life and help them drain fluid from their lungs.

"In rehabilitation there is no elevator. you have to take every step meaning one step at a time."
Joerg Teichmann
"UrbanTherapy has been life changing for managing my chronic back pain. The practical exercises and daily stretches suggests have really strengthened my core and alleviated so much soreness. Her posts are easy to follow even for a fitness novice like me. I'm so grateful to have found this blog. It's made a huge difference in controlling my back issues. I'd recommend UrbanTherapy to anyone dealing with back or neck pain."
Jennifer Thompson
UrbanTherapy reader